How to effectively segregate household waste

March 26, 2021

Segregation of waste or waste segregation is a necessary action that will facilitate recycling either in a community or at an industrial scale.

For the purpose of this piece, the segregation of waste is limited to just recyclables which include Plastic, E-waste, Cardboard, Paper, and Batteries

India alone generates up to 26,000 tons of plastic waste from urban areas each day, which account for more than 6% of the municipal solid waste that reaches or landfills. As we all know degradation of plastic is extremely slow and a toxic process to the environment, to avoid which the plastic must be recycled.

Other forms of waste from a household or a business would include E-waste, cardboard, paper waste, and in some cases tires and batteries. All of these items can be recycled if they are segregated and sorted which enables the next step to be carried out effectively.

For plastic, in particular, The Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016 direct the local bodies to provide the required infrastructure in their areas which will facilitate sorting and separation of waste.

How can you segregate your waste?

A simple and easy way to segregate your recyclables is by using colour-coded bins. A household may not be able to have so many segregation categories but can surely have bins based on the type of waste being generated the most.

Organisations, businesses, and manufacturing entities on the other hand must have hard and strict segregation bins to effectively manage the waste as bulk generators. It is essential to have the awareness on what can and cannot be recycled, since many of the daily use items have a limitation on their recyclability. Here is a quick guide on what items can and cannot be recycled.

Proper Segregation of Waste

The above method of segregation is essential at the source which makes it easy for the waste management system to effectively sort and recycle the waste. On an industrial scale at the recyclers end, the second round of segregation is done manually by workers present on site.

With the growing advancement of technology, there are innovative ways one can adopt to segregate waste. In a recent development, a recycler in the US has commissioned an automated robot to sort through the waste using high-speed infrared technology.

Sounds interesting right? However, such advancements are limited in India which generates waste at a pace faster than we can accurately estimate. While you were reading this blog nearly 18 tons of plastic waste was generated!! The recycling sector in India is still largely dependent on the informal sector for sorting, processing and recycling.

So be it your old laptop or your beverage bottle, they both can be recycled!

Interested to implement this in your organisation or community? Get in touch with to know more on our tailor made awareness programs.


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